From Punch Magazine: (A November Night’s Vision, after reading Edgar Poe and the Earl of Dunraven’s Address on “Fair Trade,” delivered by him, as President of the National Fair Trade League, at Sheffield, on November 12th, 1884.)
- Dunraven — Windham Thomas Wyndham-Quin (1841–1926), the 4th Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl. A Conservative politician, he succeeded to his father’s Irish Peerage in 1871, with estates in County Limerick, and lands in south Wales and, later, Colorado.
- Fair Trade — The idea of Free Trade is to remove all governmental interference on trade between nations, most notably to do away with tariffs on imports, these being a means of levelling the market for home produce. Dunraven’s speech argued for Fair Trade — i.e., tariff-free trade with countries who were willing, in return, to impose no tariffs on UK goods, while for those countries that continued to impose tariffs on UK goods, the UK would impose them in return. He felt the current policy of Free Trade was, for Britain, reduced to “the freedom to buy”, at the loss of “the freedom to sell” (Sheffield Daily Telegraph, 13th November 1884, p.6).
- Ponto — A generic dog’s name.
- Salisbury — Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (1830–1903), a Conservative Member of Parliament, leader of the opposition in 1884.
- Tate and Brady — Poets Nahum Tate (1692–1715) and Nicholas Brady (1659–1726), who produced the New Version of the Psalms of David in 1696, which was often referred to as “Tate and Brady”.
- Cobden — Richard Cobden (1804–1865), a businessman and politican, who championed Free Trade.
- Lowther — Perhaps William Lowther (1821–1912), Conservative MP from 1868 to 1892.
- Chaplin — Perhaps Henry Chaplin (1840–1923), 1st Viscount Chaplin, a Conservative MP since 1868.
- Protection — The opposite of Free Trade, Protection is the imposition of tariffs on foreign goods so as to protect the market for home-grown/made goods.
- St. Stephen’s — Presumably St Stephen’s Church, Sheffield, built in 1856.
- Beakey — I can't identify this person. It could be a Punch nickname, or might even refer to Punch Magazine itself.
Return to the Quaint and Curious index for more pastiches and parodies of Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Raven”.